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Introduction

Mining activities in Jharia Coalfield (JCF) started more than 100 years back and it has been extensively exploited. Unscientific exploitation by the erstwhile private entrepreneurs of coal resources in the past resulted in large scale degradation of the coalfield which has manifested in haphazard infrastructure development, depletion of green belt and overall ecological and environmental imbalances. Land, air, water and soil had been severely affected & resulted in outbreak of coal mine fire as early as 1916. When BCCL took over the region was highly degraded and affected with fire and unstable areas, prone to subsidence. After nationalization of the coal mines in 1972-73, BCCL has been making all efforts to mine the coal resource under all possible means compatible to a clean and safe environment in the region. On account of multi-seam regime of the coalfield the reclamation process has become a challenge.
BCCL recognizes importance of environment management and has taken corrective steps since nationalization and developing superior environment management system. In mining sector, BCCL contribution in introduction of Ecological restoration and Cluster concept for obtaining Environmental clearance is well recognized. For the first time ,cluster concept was formulated by BCCL for preparation of EIA-EMPs for grant of Environmental Clearances of its mines. Mines of BCCL were grouped into clusters based on Geo-Environmental rationale for environmental benefits. BCCL is pioneer in introduction of ecological restoration in mined out areas.
Ecological restoration replicates natural forest for which BCCL prepared a Road map for ecological restoration through Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun and constituted a dedicated team for successful implementation. BCCL is operating its mines & washeries as per Environment Clearances granted by MOEFCC and submitting compliances regularly to regulatory authorities. NEWSLETTER
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ACTIVITIES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS COMPLIANCE
2. ENVIRONMENT CLEARANCE & COMPLIANCE
3. ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION
4. JHARIA MASTER PLAN
5. FIRE DEALING & RECLAMATION
6. SATELLITE MONITORING
7. MINE CLOSURE
As per guidelines, Mine closure Plans of most of mines are approved and funds are being deposited in escrow account.
7. ISO CERTIFICATION
For confirming to international standards and adopting best practices, BCCL has taken up ISO certification of its mines and workshops. Till date it has obtained ISO 9001:2008 (Quality Management Systems), ISO 14001:2004 (Environment Management Systems) and OHSAS 18001:2007 (OH & Safety Management Systems) for 02 OC mines (Muraidih & Block-II), 01 UG mine (Moonidih UG), and one mixed mine AKWMC. In addition ISO 9001:2008 &ISO 14001:2004 obtained for Excavation workshop, Sinidih. Now it is decided to obtain ISO certification at company level for which Policy document is prepared & under approval and manual is being prepared.
8. FORESTRY CLEARANCE
Forestry Clearance for 234.08 ha to Ghanoodih, Bera and Dobari colliery is granted & land handed over to BCCL. Stage-I Forest clearance for 6.41 ha. In Murulidih colliery obtained and for Stage-II FC-under process
9. ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS
10. NEW INITIATIVES