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Mining areas in Jharia Coal Fields within the leasehold of Bharat Coking Coal Limited are faced with problems of fire and subsidence due to the Century old history of mining in these coal fields. These problems have been receiving attention of all concerned from time to time and the corrective measures have been taken on case to case basis at different times.

The problem of danger of subsidence of surface land over mine workings standing on small stocks and multi section development under shallow depths. There are many towns, villages, Jores, Roads, Railway etc passing through this area. In additions, fire is also active in some Colliery causing danger to the surface structure as well as polluted some part of the area which effected environment of locality.

Location   Kusunda Area is situated 4 km away from Dhanbad Railway station. Chief General Manager Office located at middle point of the area which LAT – N 23 º46 56 and DEP E 86 º23 36 .

No of Colliery including hired HEMM patches   Kusunda Area having 7 nos of Colliery namely Bassuria Colliery, East Bassuria Colliery, Gondudih Khas Kusunda Colliery, Godhur Colliery Kusunda Colliery, Dhansar Colliery and Industry Colliery. Presently working mines are Bssauria underground, East Bassuria OCP, Gondudih Khas Kusunda Hired OCP, Godhur underground, Kusunda Hired OCP, Dhansar underground and departmental OCP.

Reserve   In Kusunda Area lease hold all seams are outcropping from O seam to XIII/XIV seam. The total reserve is 331.00 million tones.

Leasehold Area  - Leasehold Area of Kusunda Area is 13.50 sq km.

Area affected by fire subsidence and its dealing   Mostly all mines affected by fire causing danger to the surface structure. As a protective measures we are excavating the fire materials for dealing of patch fire. In the mean time Jharia Master Plan is being implemented by JRDA with rehabilitation of the uncontrollable subsidence prone areas to safe place. In Jharia Master Plan the following sites are included for fire and subsidence control for Kusunda Area

Sl No Area Colliery Site Name Affected Area m2 Total No of house
149 Kusunda Bassuria Gawala Patti 59705 357
150 Kusunda Bassuria 1 no basti 4009 29
151 Kusunda Godhur Rawani Basti 40
152 Kusunda Gondudih Surender Colony 11584 60
153 Kusunda Industry West Ena 266687 765
154 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Office Colony 54
155 Kusunda Kusunda Kusunda Village 21042 29
156 Kusunda Kusunda Done
Phase II
156 Kusunda Dhansar Bright Kusunda 28000 88
157 Kusunda Dhansar Esat Godhur Colony 45637 88
158 Kusunda Dhansar New Delhi colony 12056 151
159 Kusunda Esat Bassuria Gareria basti 41296 229
160 Kusunda Godhur 3 pit area 58437 7
161 Kusunda Godhur Belder basti 2000 43
162 Kusunda Gondudih 10 no dhowrah 4882 58
163 Kusunda Industry Lahabera basti 2936 94
164 Kusunda Industry Huchuktand basti 2655 42
165 Kusunda Industry KOCP Office 2936 80
166 Kusunda Industry Rise bhagatdih colony 6908 30
167 Kusunda Khas Kusunda B panel area 14091 59
168 Kusunda Khas Kusunda KG section school 6011 56
169 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Co qtrs west of Bhuli road 7608 29
170 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Dhariajoba village 1573 60
171 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Gondudih basti 12296 94
172 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Harijan basti 11451 36
173 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Hospital basti 16345 35
174 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Kharikabad basti 17971 112
175 Kusunda Khas Kusunda Kusunad station vill 11451 29
176 Kusunda Kusunda Keska basti 21042 268

Future planning  

Underground There is scope of enhancement of underground production by mechanization. In this line we have started a pair of drift drivage at Dhansar Colliery from V/VI/VII/VIII seam quarry floor to IV seam for installation of conveyor belt. It is expected that production will increase in the year 2011-2012. In other mine at Godhur Colliery there is also scope of enhancement of production for which a scheme has been prepared for increasing the production from IV seam by installing the conveyor belt.

OCP One departmental OCP at Dhansar Colliery having a production capacity 9.00 lakhs te per annum and this will continue next 8 years, and there are 2 nos of Hired HEMM patches. One patch P (Gondudih) will last for 2 years and Patch B (Kusunda) will also give production for 4 years.